IN A MOMENT WHEN INTERESTED PARTY AND VICIOUS VOICES ARE TRYING TO UNDERMINE THE CREDIBILITY OF KAZAKHSTAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IT IS TIME TO SAY THE TRUTH: KAZAKHSTAN IS A VIBRANT AND VIABLE DEMOCRACY !
Main information`s regarding Kazakhstan Presidential Poll – April 2011
Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, announced on 4 February 2011 the start of early presidential election for 3 April 2011. This decision followed a citizens’ initiative for a referendum which would have extended president’s term in office until 2020.
• Four candidates will contest the election, out of 22 initial self- appointees.
A number of opposition parties and leaders decided not to participate and/or called for a boycott, claiming the absence of conditions for a meaningful election and a short time for campaigning as the key reasons.
• The election in Kazakhstan are under the administration of the Central Election Commission (CEC), 16 Territorial Election Commissions (TEC), 207 District and Town Election Commissions (DEC) and some 9,725 Precinct Election Commissions (PEC).
The CEC is active in making preparations for this election and training lower-level commissions.
• The number of registered voters is around 9.1 million. Voters are able to check their records in the voter list, including by e-mail.
• The official campaign began on 3 March.
His Excellency President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, on 4 February 2011 signed a decree for an early presidential election to take place on 3 April.
The call for presidential election comes in the aftermath of a citizens’ initiative to hold a referendum which would have extended the term of incumbent President Nursultan Nazarbayev until 2020 an initiative that was supported by Kazakhstan Parliament.
Between 26 December 2010 and 14 January 2011, over five million signatures were reportedly collected in favor of the referendum.
On 7 January, the President of Kazakhstan has rejected parliament’s call to hold the referendum, but on 14 January the Parliament adopted the law on changes to the Constitution, providing the basis for holding a referendum to extend the first president’s term of office.
The President expressed his concern over the constitutionality of these proposed amendments and referred them to the Constitutional Council, which ruled
On 31 January that the law was unconstitutional as it was too vague on the terms of extension.
Following this ruling, the President Nursultan Nazarbayev proposed that new and early presidential election be held. On 3 February, parliament adopted the constitutional amendments to allow the president to call an early presidential poll and the next day, President Nursultan Nazarbayev set the final election date for 3 April 2011.
The legal elections framework includes such acts as: the Constitution, the Constitutional Provisions on Elections (Election Law), and decisions and regulations of the CEC.
Other relevant elections laws and regulations are, among others Law on Political Parties, Criminal Code, Administrative Offences Code, Civil Procedure Code and Law on Peaceful Assemblies.
The Constitution guarantees fundamental civil and political rights necessary to conduct of democratic elections.
A. ELECTION SUPERVISION
The election is administered by complex and inter-responsibility system of election commissions comprising the CEC, 16 TEC units, 2 207 DEC units, and 9,725 PEC units.
The local election commissions have a seven members composition and are appointed for a period of five years; TEC units, DEC units and PEC units are only active during election periods.
The CEC chair office and two members are appointed by the president, while the Senate and the Madjilis (the lower house of Parliament) appoint two CEC members each. TEC, DEC and PEC members are appointed by the respective mashlikhate (local councils), based on proposals of registered political parties.
The CEC mission is to supervise the electoral preparations, it holds regular sessions open to the public and attended by media and observers, and provides weekly press briefings, and maintains an information internet channel.
The CEC has fulfilled his tasks such as carrying out extensive training of lower-level commissions and provided instructions and manuals for TEC, DEC and PEC members.
The CEC is also conducting a comprehensive voter education campaign.