Democratic Kazakhstan. Presidential Elections-2015

KAZAKHSTAN HAS ORGANIZED IN A PERFECT DEMOCRATIC MANNER THE 2015 PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS IS THE CONCLUSION OF INTERNATIONAL COMMUNITY

INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP

 

 

ELECTORAL ASSESSMENT ON

26 APRIL 2015

EARLY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

 

 

 

 

4 May 2015

Report issued on 4 MAY 2015

 

 

 

REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN EARLY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION

 

ELECTORAL ASSESSMENT ON

26 APRIL 2015

EARLY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION IN REPUBLIC OF KAZAKHSTAN

 

 

 

 

 

I. INTRODUCTION

 

According to an official invitation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Republic of Kazakhstan to observe the 26 April 2015 snap presidential election, the INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP (comprising the teams of European Council on International Relations and Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation and independent electoral experts)  decided to evaluate the political, judicial, legislative and general framework of the early presidential election from 26 April 2015.

 

The aim of the evaluation process was to assess the pre-election environment and the preparations for the presidential election.

 

The evaluation process comprised in legislative text analyses, assessment of general political situation in the country and the conformity with general accepted democratic practices and regulation and with bona fide principles.

 

Taken into account were also: public opinions, statements and discussions expressed by officials from different Kazakhstan institutions and the election and civil administration, as well as official spokespersons from political parties, media outlets, civil society personalities, and the international community.

 

 

 

II. GENERAL ASSESSMENT OF LAW PROVISIONS

 

 

According with the law prescriptions the presidential vote will start on 26 April 2015, giving the voters the chance to elect the president for a five-year term.

 

The law encapsulates also the necessary democratic prescriptions for an open and fair electoral process.

 

The April 26, 2015 election will be the fourth consecutive national election called on early bases, a supplementary proof of a democratic and viable electoral system.

 

The laws that are governing the presidential elections are governed by the Constitution, the Constitutional Law on Elections (Election Law), and regulations of the Central Election Commission (CEC).

 

The assessment process considered that Kazakhstan is a viable and fully committed party to all major international and regional instruments related to the holding of democratic elections and had continuously and full abiding by his international democratic regulations.

 

There have been no changes to the Election Law since the last elections held in 2011, and we have to mention that in 2011 the Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP had find that the law and regulation governing the electoral process in Kazakhstan are completely corresponding to international laws and regulation insuring a perfect electoral process.

 

The authorities Kazakhstan authorities underlined in all public statements their nation commitment to conduct elections in compliance with the principles of openness, transparency and fairness.

 

The election will be administered by a complex and modern system of commissions, composed of Central Electoral Commission and including number of 14 Territorial Election Commissions and the City Election Commissions for Astana`s and Almaty`s regions, 207 District Election Commissions, and more than 9,000 Local Election Commissions (LECs).

 

The Central Electoral Commission composition and activity is fully independent and in perfect correspondence with international laws and regulations insuring the independence of electoral and monitoring process.

 

In the list of democratic provisions the Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP noted:

The fact that all citizens over 18 years of age have the right to vote, there is a nationwide electronic voter list to identify duplicate entries.

Presidential candidates are required to be citizens by birth, at least 40 years old, fluent in the state language, and officially resident in Kazakhstan for at least 15 years.

 

The same recommendation is made on this element as in 2011: The Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP considers necessary a general recommendation for all states to include such provisions in their electoral laws insuring a perfect national representations to the highest office of the land.

 

The Election Law guarantees the right to conduct an unimpeded campaign for or against any candidate.

In the democratic landscape of Kazakhstan, the Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP noted the existence of a powerful independent media, with an impressive number of mass media entities operating in the country.

 

Also a full independent television network is offering a perfect dialogue and information source.

 

The Kazakhstan Constitution guarantees freedom of speech and prohibits censorship.

 

Keeping in mind that no elections can be considered as free and democratic without the presence of international observers the Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP decided to support Kazakhstan electoral process and democratic credential by monitoring and observing all stages of the 2015, 26 April Early Presidential Election in Kazakhstan.

 

 

The Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP has monitored the full electoral process, candidate registration, and the campaign, media, and Election Day procedures with an on-site mission between 22-29 April 2015.

 

 

 

 


Turkestan Election Committee

 

 

 

III. ELECTION CLIMATE ANALYSES

 

A. FACT FINDING

 

Kazakhstan is a fully flagged democratic republic, respecting the equilibrium of powers and balanced distribution of constitutional powers.

 

 

The president is acting in full respect of the democratic system and the country has a long tradition of political process in a democratic manner and with all the guarantees for an inclusive and democratic process.

 

 

The institutional system is offering a perfect balanced voice to parliamentary and representations system.

 

 

The 26 April 2015 Early Presidential Election where convened in a perfect transparent and inclusive manner at the request of the highest representative and democratic institution in the country: Assembly of People of Kazakhstan.

 

 

The decision was upheld fully constitutional and legal based by the Constitutional Council.

 

 

The democratic initiative for an early presidential election was supported by the Kazakhstan Parliament and, on 25 February, the Kazakhstan President announced the election would be held on 26 April.

 

As we have mentioned previously the next election will be the fourth consecutive national election to be called early.

 

On 27 February, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan stressed the nation’s commitment to conduct a free and fair election in line with the principles of openness, transparency and fairness.

 

 

The Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP considers that the electoral process is fundamental, in law provisions and spirit and in technical consideration perfectly administered, offering a perfect climate and an open and inclusive and in full fairness political discourse resulted in a perfect competitive electoral environment.

 

 

 

 

 

B. LEGAL FRAMEWORK

 

 

Regarding the previous respect to democratic commitments, the Republic of Kazakhstan has fully respected his international obligations regarding construction of a free electoral consultation.

 

We must note that: INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP has made an in-depth analysis of the electoral law and constitutional framework of the Republic of Kazakhstan during 2011 Kazakhstan Presidential elections.

 

 

The focus of this analysis where: the mass media law, the election law, the political laws and the Constitutional Law of Kazakhstan and had operated a surveillance of the measure taken by the Central Electoral Commission in order to insure a free and open election atmosphere.

 

 

The conclusion of the INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP monitoring commission was that: the necessary steps in order to insure an honest and balanced electoral consultation respecting democratic standards were taken by Government of Kazakhstan.

 

 

The European Union monitoring mission insured also the Election Day supervision, the supervision of counting and tabulation of elections results in a significant and representative number of sections and commissions.

 

The conclusions of the committee findings can be summon up as an endorsement of the law and constitutional provisions of Kazakhstan electoral system.

 

In the 26 April 2015 the same principles and laws are applying as in 2011 elections case.

 

 

The primary legal framework for presidential elections includes the Constitution, the Constitutional Law on Elections (Election Law), and regulations of the Central Election Commission (CEC). Other relevant laws include the Law on the President, the Law on Political Parties, the Civil Procedures Code, the Criminal Code, the Administrative Offences Code, the Law on Peaceful Assemblies, and various local regulations related to public assemblies. Kazakhstan is a party to major international and regional instruments related to the holding of democratic elections

 

 

The president is directly elected by popular vote in a two-round system.

 

To be elected in the first round of voting, a candidate must receive more than half of all votes cast.

 

 

If no candidate reaches the required majority, the two candidates receiving the most votes contest a second round within two months of the first round, in which the candidate who receives the higher number of votes is considered elected.

 

 

A 2007 constitutional amendment reduced the presidential term from seven to five years and exempted the first president – the incumbent President Nazarbayev – from the established limit of two consecutive terms.

 

In 2010, the first president was given the privileged legal status of Kazakhstan’s „Leader of the Nation” according to a parliamentary vote and respecting the constitutional framework, in a fully law abiding manner.

 

The incumbent president has been in office since 1991 and had a proven history of respecting the democratic rule of political process and respecting constitutional and legal boundaries.

 

 

C. ELECTION SUPERVISIONS AND ADMINISTRATION

 

 

The election will be administered by a four-layer system of election commissions.

The election administration comprises the CEC, 14 Territorial Election Commissions and the City Election Commissions of Astana and Almaty (collectively referred to as TECs), 207 District Election Commissions (DECs), and more than 9,000 Local Election Commissions (LECs) including some 65 polling stations abroad.

 

The Republic of Kazakhstan had acquiesce to the fallowing instrumental accords for up-holding democratic values: the 1966 International Covenant on Civil and Political Rights, 1979 Convention for Elimination of All Forms of Discrimination against Women, 1965 International Convention on the Elimination of All Forms of Racial Discrimination, 2003 Convention against Corruption, 2006 Convention on the Rights of Persons with Disabilities,, and the 2002 Convention on the Standards of Democratic Elections, Electoral Rights and Freedoms in the Member States of the Commonwealth of Independent States.

 

 

Kazakhstan is also a fully flagged member of the Council of Europe’s Venice Commission, a supplementary proof of the country definitive election of the democratic ways.

 

Membership and submission to all the previously noted agreements and treaty are creating a perfect election environment in accordance with international laws.

 

 

D. PROCEDURES FOR CANDIDATE NOMINATION AND REGISTRY

 

 

The Constitution and electoral law are offering the climate for an inclusive and representative participation in the electoral race: the presidential candidate may be nominated through self-nomination or by a public association, including a political party.

 

All equally candidates are required to be citizens by birth, to have at least 40 years old, to be fluent in the Kazakh language (a condition to be observed by the Linguistic Commission, an independent body that should provide its conclusions to the Central Electoral Commission who will make the final decision on candidatures), and to be an officially resident of Kazakhstan for at least 15 years.

 

The nomination period that had ended on 15 March 2015 had permitted for three candidates to outline their candidature and obtain at least 93,000 valid signatures equally representing at least two-thirds of the regions as well as the cities of Astana and Almaty.

 

In addition they need to pay an election deposit of 1,060,000 Kazakhstan Tenge (KZT) and present tax declarations for themselves and their spouse.

 

The necessary prescriptions for barring from standing for office for persons related to crimes of found guilty of corruption-related crimes or administrative offences have being taken.

 

 

The language test consists of an examination of prospective candidates‟ reading, writing and speaking abilities.

 

 

Three candidates will run in the upcoming early presidential elections in Kazakhstan after law provisions: the incumbent President Nursultan Nazarbayev, the challenger from the Communist People’s Party Turgun Syzdykov and self-nominee Abelgazi Kusainov, according to a report from the Central Election Commission.

 

The time for submission of applications for participation in the presidential election in Kazakhstan ended on March 15.

 

According to the CEC secretary Bakhyt Meldeshov, as of 2015, March 16, the CEC got 27 applications.

 

The CEC decided to refuse registration to Limana Koishiyeva, Kanat Turageldiyev, Zharylkap Kalybai and Khasen Kozha-Akhmet, who all successfully passed the Kazakh language but failed to provide all the law required documents.

 

The CEC also denied registration to six candidates for the presidency of Kazakhstan for failing to appear for the Kazakh language exam which is mandatory under the law): self-nominees Yakobzhan Dzhunisbekov, Kairat Maishev, Aigul Utepova, Kanat Yeszhanov, Amantai Kazhy and Birzhan Dilmagambetov.

 

Mels Yeleusizov, Zhaksybai Bazilbayev and Mukhamedrakhim Kursabayev withdrew their candidacies on their own, a move the CEC approved.

 

 

The registration of candidates came to an end on March 25.

 

 

As of 2015 March 26, three candidates have the right to proceed with the election campaigning: Nursultan Nazarbayev, Turgun Syzdykov and Abelgazi Kusainov.

 

Conclusion: Under the full scrutiny of the democratic process in Kazakhstan, The Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP considers that the period of registrations of candidature and the provisions of the law have being full respected and all the necessary procedural steps have being address insuring a perfect democratic character to the first phase of the election procedures.

 

 

Recommendation: The Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP considers that a higher number of signatures on the candidate’s signature list will be a beneficial addition offering a better selection of serious candidates.

 

 

 

E. CAMPAIGN AND CAMPAIGN FINANCE.

ANTI MONEY LAUNDRY PROVISIONS

 

 

The election campaign starts on 26 March, the day after the end of candidate registration, and lasts until 24 April, when the silence period starts.

 

The Election Law guarantees citizens and public associations the right to conduct an unimpeded campaign for or against any candidate. Local authorities are mandated to provide space for the placement of campaign posters on an equal basis and candidates may also post materials on

 

To finance their campaign, the CEC informed that each candidate is entitled to receive a minimum of KZT seven million (some EUR35, 000) from the state budget. In addition, candidates are allowed to use their own funds and accept donations from citizens and organizations, as well as funds from the nominating body, up to a combined total of KZT 577 million.

 

Foreign and anonymous donations are prohibited.

 

 

Candidates are obliged to open dedicated bank accounts for these funds. The banks should notify the CEC if the spending limits are exceeded. Five days after the announcement of the election results, candidates are obliged to submit a report on their campaign finance to the election administration.

 

The CEC adopted a resolution on the campaign expenditures to be covered from the state budget. Each candidate is provided with funds for a fifteen minutes speech on TV, a ten-minute speech on the radio, as well as to publish two articles in printed newspapers.

 

 

According to the CEC the amount of funding provided to candidates for their election campaigning in the media was calculated based on the existing rates provided by the Committee for Communications, Computerization and Information of the Ministry of Investment and Development of Kazakhstan.

 

“Funds in the amount of 5,250,000 tenge ($28,237) are allocated to the candidates for a 15-minute speech.

For the 10-minute presentation of the program on the radio each candidate receives 200,000 tenge ($1,075). To publish two printed articles each candidate receives 810,000 tenge ($4,356). Candidates will also receive funds to rent premises for meetings with voters in the amount of 200,000 tenge and another 250,000 tenge ($1,345) to print out campaign materials. Each of the registered candidates will receive 300,000 tenge ($1,613) for travel expenses,” the CEC said.

 

 

Conclusions: The Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP stated that offering a full financial support and insuring transparency and strict supervision policies are all decisions destined to discouraging money laundry, political corruption and in offering a fare and equal based financial support for all candidates, a fundamental base of democratic elections.

 

 

The Election Law is the main legal source addressing candidate rights to campaign in the media, providing equal access to state-funded airtime and print space, as well as the right to purchase additional airtime and space. Each candidate is entitled to 15 minutes of free airtime on television, 10 minutes of free airtime on radio, and 2 free articles in newspapers. For paid advertisement, all media are obliged to provide the price list of paid advertisements to the CEC, no later than 10 days after the election is announced.

 

 

 

IV. FINAL CONCLUSIONS ON ELECTION OBSERVATION

 

 

One of the most important aspects in organizing internationally recognized and valid electoral process is the presence of international and internally accepted monitors.

 

 

According to Central Electoral Commission a number of 10.000 internal registered observers will by surveying the poll and number of 1.000 international monitors will also insure a country wide supervision of the electoral process.

 

The Kazakhstan Election Law provides for international and citizen observers, as well as authorized representatives of registered candidates. There is an accreditation procedure and observers are required to present a letter from their nominating organization and their identification documents to the election commission where they will observe the process.

 

We consider that the electoral system is offering the checks and balances necessary to insure a perfect democratic consultation.

 

 

 


Voting in Shymkent-26 April 2015

 

 

 

 

a. PRE-ELECTION PERIOD

 

 

The Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP consider that the pre-election period was marked by full transparency, honesty and a calm electoral climate conducive to an all inclusive electoral climate.

 

 

We consider that in the early presidential election (26 April 2015) pre-election campaign Kazakhstan has fulfilled all his legal obligation on holding open, free, and fair and equal opportunity driven elections.

 

 

The conclusion of the INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP Monitoring Committee is that: the necessary steps in order to insure an honest and balanced electoral consultation respecting democratic standards were fully taken by The Government of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

 

 

As a result on 20th April 2015 the Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP decided to deploy an election mission to follow the Election Day process countrywide, and to supervise the Election Day activities, including voting, counting, and tabulation of results.

 

We must also underline that: election commissions at all levels handled technical aspects of the election in a professional manner in the pre-election and election period.

 

Their sessions were openly and transparently monitored by observers and the media.

 

 

 


Controlling the election list

 

 

b. CONCLUSIONS ON ELECTION DAY AND ELECTIONS RESULTS

POLITICAL CONTEXT:

 

 

The political environment in Kazakhstan is characterized by the presence of strong political parties with national scale activities, with genuine pluralism and a vibrant political discourse.

 

NGOs operate in a permissive environment, and after 2015 reform bill that is providing supplementary funding for NGO`S, offering opportunities for personal and institutional development and improving the sphere of activity for all NGO`s bodies, in such a manner that they can fulfil their role in providing quality services for Kazakhstani citizens.

 

Kazakhstan is enjoying a system that is open and full of liberty and the reform on NGO`s field has allowed Kazakhstan to obtain high quality services from the area of civil society.


 

c. ELECTION DAY

Election Day was calm, with no obstacle in the voting process and open to all electors in a transparent manner and a turnout of almost 95 per cent was reported.

 

d. OPENING OF POLLING STATION AND VOTING

 

 

Opening procedures were assessed positively in most polling stations visited.

The voting was done in a normal manner, no signs of forced presence, mass presence or suspicious persons or any control of voters where not observed.

 

The lack of any coercion in electoral activities was clearly marked.

 

No electoral tourism or mass migration of electors from one electoral station to another was registered.

 

There where also some shortcomings as: voters who did not know how to act on electoral sections, the lack of proper instructions in the management of the electoral process were also registered in some cases.

 



Voting in Uzbek Minority zone-Sauran (Shymkent-South Kazakhstan region)

 

 

 

 

 

e. COUNTING

 

The international observers appreciated that the counting was done in an orderly, open and transparent manner, allowing for the viewing and registration of each vote; no staffing of urns was reported.

 

Some minor glitches where reported as: lack of information regarding the opening and manipulation of mobile urns, lack of clear procedures regarding annulled votes.

The overall climate of the counting process was an open and transparent one.

 

 


Opening the urns and counting the votes

 

 

 

f. TABULATION AND ANNOUNCEMENTS OF RESULTS

 

 

The tabulation process throughout the whole country was transparent in compliance with the Kazakhstan international assumed obligations of Copenhagen Document prescribing that the results will be: “counted and reported honestly”

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

V. FINAL CONCLUSIONS ON ELECTORAL RESULTS OF KAZAKHSTAN EARLY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS ON 26 APRIL 2015

 

 

In the final conclusions of the observation and monitoring activities opened on the territory of Republic of Kazakhstan between 22-29 April 2015 the Election Monitoring Committee of INTERNATIONAL MONITORING GROUP decided:

 

 

The pre-election period and campaign was characterized by a free and open legislation, encompassing all the necessary legal and constitutional procedures granting any Kazakhstan society member the right to partake on the election, to present and promote his candidature and to have the opportunity to express his views and vote.

 

The campaign climate was peaceful, open with no pressures upon the voters, with anti-money laundry provision insuring an equal opportunity climate for all the candidates.

 

 

The Election Day activities where conducted in a transparent manner, without pressure or state authorities’ intervention in a manner conducive to allowing the free expression of the Kazakh people.

 

 

The Early Presidential Elections in Kazakhstan held on 26 April 2015 where assessed by “1026 representatives of foreign states, international organizations and foreign media,” according to Kazakhstan’s Central Electoral Commission (CEC) .

 

Additionally a number of 10.000 internal observers where deployed at all polling stations in the country offering the necessary checks and balances for an democratic electoral process.

 

 

In conclusion we appreciate that the vote of 26 April 2015 has expressed in a democratic manner the views and the decision of Kazakhstan people and the electoral process was clearly transparent, open, all inclusive and genuine democratic in nature and organization.

 

 

 

 

ANNEXED DOCUMENTS

 

A. FINAL ELECTION RESULT ON PROVINCES OF KAZAKHSTAN

 

REPORT

 

On the results of early elections of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, on April 26, 2015

 

April 26, 2015 held a special election of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan.

The voter turnout was 95.22%.

On the basis of the protocols of oblast, Astana and Almaty election commissions on the results of the counting of votes at the extraordinary elections of the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, on April 26, 2015, the Central Election Commission It reports that voter lists for a single national constituency included 9,547,864 people, of whom took part in the vote 9,090,920 people, or 95.21 percent. Outside the polling voted 152,016 voters.

Candidates for the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan ran for 3 people.

In voting the candidates for President of the Republic of Kazakhstan gained the following number of votes: Akmola oblast:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 449 votes or 0.10 percent of voters who took part in voting;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 438,917 votes, or 98.42 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 6,600 votes or 1.48 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

In the Aktobe region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 1906 votes or 0.44 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 420,824 votes, or 97.60 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 8,450 votes or 1.96 percent of voters who participated in voting;

Almaty region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 1951 votes or 0.21 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 919,096 votes, or 98.94 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 7896 votes, or 0.85 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

The Atyrau region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 1,736 votes or 0.60 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 284,215 votes, or 98.22 per cent of voters who took voting;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 3406 votes or 1.18 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

On the East Kazakhstan region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 4,559 votes or 0.55 percent of voters, who participated in voting,

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 810,754 votes, or 98.37 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 8,875 votes or 1.08 percent of voters, who took part in the vote,

In Zhambyl region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 3,167 votes or 0.63 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 492,148 votes, or 97.90 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 7390 votes or 1.47 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

On the West Kazakhstan:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 2,741 votes or 0.71 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 378,819 votes, or 98.13 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 4,478 votes or 1, 16 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

In Karaganda region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 8,480 votes or 1.07 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 779 191 votes or 98, 30 per cent of voters who took part in voting;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 4,995 votes or 0.63 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

In Kostanai region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 5,050 votes or 0.97 percent of voters, who participated in voting,

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 507,806 votes or 97.55 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 7,704 votes or 1.48 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Kyzylorda oblast:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 3,465 votes or 0.90 percent of the vote, who took part in the vote;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 378,443 votes or 98.10 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 3864 votes, or 1.0 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Mangistau region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 707 votes or 0.24 percent of voters, who took part in the voting,

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 287,279 votes, or 97.54 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 6538 votes or 2.22 percent of voters who took participate in the vote;

In Pavlodar region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 3,060 votes or 0.70 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 429,994 votes, or 98.35 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 4153 votes or 0.95 percent of voters, who took part in the vote,

In the North-Kazakhstan region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 1878 votes or 0.51 percent of voters, who participated in voting,

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 362,068 votes or 98.33 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 4271 votes or 1.16 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

The South-Kazakhstan region:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 5242 votes or 0.43 percent of voters who participated voting;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 1207826 votes, or 98.40 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 14,361 votes or 1.17 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

In the city of Astana:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 1331 votes or 0.34 percent of voters, who took part in the voting,

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 385,715 votes, or 98.54 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 4384 votes or 1.12 percent of voters who took part in voting;

In Almaty:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 11,996 votes or 1.48 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 750,155 votes, or 92.55 per cent of voters who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 48391 votes or 5.97 percent of voters, who took part in the vote,

In the Republic of Kazakhstan:

Kusainov Abelgazi Kaliakparovich - 57,718 votes or 0.64 percent of voters, who participated in voting,

Nursultan Nazarbayev - 8,833,250 votes, or 97.75 percent of the vote who took part in the vote;

Syzdykov Turgun Iskakovich - 145,756 votes or 1.61 percent of voters who took part in the vote;

In accordance with Article 65 of the Constitutional Law of the Republic of Kazakhstan dated 28 September 1995 "On elections in the Republic of Kazakhstan" is considered to be elected President of the Republic Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev, born 1940, Kazakh, and member of the party "Nur Otan", the President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, lives in Astana.

 

 

 

Source: Central Election Commission

of the Republic of Kazakhstan 

 

 

 

 

B. FINAL ELECTION RESULTS ON THE COUNTRY LEVEL

 

 

Candidate Party Votes %

Nursultan Nazarbayev Nur Otan 8,833,250 97.75

Turgun Syzdykov Communist People's Party 145,756 1.61

Abelgazi Kusainov Independent 57,718 0.64

Invalid/blank votes 54,196 –

Total 9,090,920 100

Registered voters/turnout 9,547,864 95.21

Source: CEC

 


 

 

 

The headquarter of International Election Press Centre-Almaty

KAZAKHSTAN IS A FULLY FLAGGED DEMOCRACY SAY`S INTERNATIONAL OBSERVERS 

Kazakhstan is a fully flagged democratic republic, respecting the equilibrium of powers and balanced distribution of constitutional powers. The president is acting in full respect of the democratic system and the country has a long tradition of political process in a democratic manner and with all the guarantees for an inclusive and democratic process.

Kazakhstan is a powerful example of democratic construction

 

The institutional system is offering a perfect balanced voice to parliamentary and representations system.  

The 26 April 2015 Early Presidential Election where convened in a perfect transparent and inclusive manner at the request of the highest representative and democratic institution in the country: Assembly of people of Kazakhstan.

The decision was upheld fully constitutional and legal based by the Constitutional Council.

The democratic initiative for an early presidential election was supported by the Kazakhstan Parliament and, on 25 February, the Kazakhstan President announced the election would be held on 26 April.

As we have mentioned previously the next election will be the fourth consecutive national election to be called early.

 

On 27 February, the Minister of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan stressed the nation’s commitment to conduct a free and fair election in line with the principles of openness, transparency and fairness.

RENOWNED EUROPEAN ACADEMICIAN EXPRESS VIEWS ON KAZAKHSTAN EARLY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTION-2015

 I have the pleasure of seeing the people of Kazakhstan taken their future in their hands and voting for their future development, for practical solutions, for experience to weather out the economic storm that is rummaging the world stets Professor Dr. Anton Caragea PhD, EDA. 



Supervising the elections in any country in the world is a momentous and difficult task and not to be taken lightly.


You have to observe the present, but with responsibility for the future and impartiality in your heart.




Professor Dr. Anton Caragea supervising election in Kazakhstan-26 April 2015


If you are supervising elections in Kazakhstan, the heart of Central Asia, the task is doubled in significance, as Kazakhstan has become an example in the world.


 

 

Kazakhstan has carved himself in the centre of international politics, the host of international meetings destined to bring peace and dialogue in the world, the place where technology and tradition meets and the mediator between developed and developing countries, a place where East and West can build a bridge for dialogue.


Observing elections in such a key country it is an honourable and full of seriousness assignment.


For all this reasons, the invitation offered to me, on behalf of Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan, to observe the elections in the country, as an international observer, was a very challenging one, but nothing has prepared me for the phenomenon I was about to witness.


In Kazakhstan, on 26 of April 2015 I was witnessing the maturity exam of a people.


Born only in 1991, on the ruins of former Soviet Union, Kazakhstan was a young nation, a country only developing his democratic institutions and credentials.


After the early presidential elections held on 26 April 2015, we can safely conclude that this stage was phased out.


With a record presence at poll, of over 95%, people of Kazakhstan proved, without a shadow of a doubt, their commitment to free and fair elections, to build and uphold a democratic society.


While other nations are struggling to bring their electors to the urns and millions of voters disappointed by corruption and state inefficiency are feeling disenfranchised, in developing Kazakhstan millions of electors proved that democracy is not just an empty word to find in the political text books, but a living reality.


I have the pleasure of seeing the people of Kazakhstan taken their future in their hands and voting for their future development, for practical solutions, for experience to weather out the economic storm that is rummaging the world.


The elections in Kazakhstan where not just a democratic exercise, but they where the proof that the peoples power really exist and if the citizens are feeling involved in the economic, social and cultural life of their country, if the state is not failing them and provides the social benefits expected the people will respond partaking in the electoral process.


In the economic and political failed states of the world we can see the reduction of election attendance, the disinterest of the citizens and the broken down of the social contract that Rousseau and French revolutionaries had considered as the fundamentals of the state.

 



Professor Dr. Anton Caragea meets the international press in Almaty, unveiling the election monitoring mission results


 

 

Kazakhstan state is honouring his social contract with his citizens and the response is this huge electoral participation.

 

95% electoral attendance can be a mystery in states where citizens are isolated and oppressed, but this is a reality in a functional nation.

 

In Kazakhstan, the 2015 elections where a national plebiscite in which the people decided above anything else their future.

 

I have observed this reality as hundreds of thousand of peoples turn out to vote accompanied by children’s and small infants, as they realized that it is not so much a vote for next few years, but a vote for future, for peace, for continuous democratic development and economic achievements.

 

Kazakhstan’s 2015 elections where undoubtedly democratic in nature, where fair and crystal clear transparent and where offering a few refreshing news for everybody.

 

On the fore is the news that democracy can be a real practice, can involve a nation that is educated and convinced of his role in history.

 

At the same time it was proven the fact that: governments and peoples are not confrontational actors on political arena, but they can cooperate to build a powerful country.

 

26 of April 2015 early presidential elections of Kazakhstan where the irrefutable proof of this self evident truth: that democracy can only work when all the people are involved.

26 APRIL 2015-THE DATE WHEN KAZAKHSTAN GOES TO POLL ON EARLY PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS  

According with the law prescriptions the presidential vote will start on 26 April 2015, giving the voters the chance to elect the president for a five-year term.

 

The law encapsulates also the necessary democratic prescriptions for an open and fair electoral process.

 

 The April 26, 2015 election will be the fourth consecutive national election called on early bases, a supplementary proof of a democratic and viable electoral system.

 

The laws that are governing the presidential elections are governed by the Constitution, the Constitutional Law on Elections (Election Law), and regulations of the Central Election Commission (CEC).

 

Central Electoral Commission is the main election watchdog for Kazakhstan   

 

The assessment process considered that Kazakhstan is a viable and fully committed party to all major international and regional instruments related to the holding of democratic elections and had continuously and full abiding by his international democratic regulations.

 

There have been no changes to the Election Law since the last elections held in 2011, and we have to mention that in 2011 the Election Monitoring Committee had find that the law and regulation governing the electoral process in Kazakhstan are completely corresponding to international laws and regulation insuring a perfect electoral process.

 

The authorities Kazakhstan authorities underlined in all public statements their nation commitment to conduct elections in compliance with the principles of openness, transparency and fairness.

 

 The election will be administered by a complex and modern system of commissions, composed of Central Electoral Commission and including number of  14 Territorial Election Commissions and the City Election Commissions for Astana`s and Almaty`s regions, 207 District Election Commissions, and more than 9,000 Local Election Commissions (LECs).

 

The Central Electoral Commission composition and activity is fully independent and in perfect correspondence with international laws and regulations insuring the independence of electoral and monitoring process.

 

In the list of democratic provisions the Election Monitoring Committee of Institute of international Relations and Economic Cooperation noted:

 

The fact that all citizens over 18 years of age have the right to vote, there is a nationwide electronic voter list to identify duplicate entries.

 

Presidential candidates are required to be citizens by birth, at least 40 years old, fluent in the state language, and officially resident in Kazakhstan for at least 15 years.

 

The Election Law guarantees the right to conduct an unimpeded campaign for or against any candidate.

 

In the democratic landscape of Kazakhstan, the Election Monitoring Committee of Institute of international Relations and Economic Cooperation noted the existence of a powerful independent media, with an impressive number of mass media entities operating in the country.

 

Also a full independent television network is offering a perfect dialogue and information source.

 

 

The Kazakhstan Constitution guarantees freedom of speech and prohibits censorship.

2011 KAZAKHSTAN PRESIDENTIAL ELECTIONS : A GOOD DEMOCRATIC EXERCISE SAY`S EUROPEAN UNION 

 

Between 28 of March and 6 April 2011 a European Union delegation from European Council on International Relations has realized the election monitoring for Kazakhstan presidential poll.

The monitoring mission was realized based on an invitation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of Kazakhstan. Between 28 of February and 28 of March the Monitoring commission has under scrutiny the mass media law, the election law, the political laws and the Constitutional Law of Kazakhstan and had operated a surveillance of the measure taken by the Central Electoral Commission in order to insure a free and open election atmosphere.

 

The conclusion of the European Council on International Relations monitoring commission was that: the necessary steps in order to insure an honest and balanced electoral consultation respecting democratic standards were taken by Government of Kazakhstan. The European Union monitoring mission insured also the Election Day supervision, the supervision of counting and tabulation of elections results in a significant and representative number of sections and commissions.

 

The preliminary conclusion of the Kazakhstan monitoring mission was publicly presented on 4 April 2011 in a press conference at Ramada Hotel in Astana by Professor Dr. Anton Caragea, President of European Council on International Relations . The press conference included the presentation of Preliminary Monitoring Report for 3 April Presidential Elections and official presentation of data collected on election day and on tabulation phase, the conclusion being that the Monitoring Commission is endorsing the Kazakhstan elections as representing the free and democratically expressed voice of Kazakh people decision.

 

The European union report endorsing the free and fair character of Kazakhstan elections was presented on 4 April at 14:00 hour being fallowed at 16:00 by the Report of European Parliamentary Assembly endorsing also the democratic process of elections held in Kazakhstan and at 18:00 hours by the Shanghai Cooperation Organization report also supporting the elections result.

 

Finally Professor Dr. Anton Caragea held the honor of speaking on Security and Proximity Policy of European Union at Euro-Asian University.

 

This honor was previously awarded to Hillary Clinton, George Bush jr.-United States President and Prince of Norway- Haakon and President Emil Constantinescu of Romania.

 

The meeting with students and professors of university had marked a two hours dialogue on European Union realities and mechanism bringing closer Central Asia and Europe.

 

The final report of monitoring mission of presidential election held in Kazakhstan was read in a double and concomitant ceremony in Bucharest and Brussels on 12 of April 2011.

 

In the presence of Diplomatic Corp and a huge audience , Professor Dr. Anton Caragea , President of European council on International Relations has presented the Final Report of EU Monitoring Mission concluding that :

 

The Election Process was on all his duration and in all his faze in conformity with international standards , international accepted norms and Copenhagen Criteria and is recognizing the April 3 Presidential Elections in Kazakhstan as free , fair , open and in complying with democratic values and criteria’s.

Today democratic and prosperous Kazakhstan is building a new euro-asian relation. Once Kazakhstan had obtained the democratic credentials European Union is having a stabile and open partner in Central Asia. The involvement of European Council on International Relations in supporting democratic process in Kazakhstan is a new bridge that is uniting the two countries.

An European Monitoring Report states : Kazakhstan had organised free and fair presidential elections for 3 April 2011

Preliminary Report of Monitoring Mission of Early Presidential Elections in Kazakhstan. 3 April 2011

28 February 2011 – 28 March 2011


                              

 

 

Main information`s regarding Kazakhstan Presidential Poll – April 2011

 

 Mr. Nursultan Nazarbayev, President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, announced on 4 February 2011 the start of early presidential election for 3 April 2011. This decision followed a citizens’ initiative for a referendum which would have extended president’s term in office until 2020. 

                       

• Four candidates will contest the election, out of 22 initial self- appointees.

A number of opposition parties and leaders decided not to participate and/or called for a boycott, claiming the absence of conditions for a meaningful election and a short time for campaigning as the key reasons.

 

The Commission put in place by Institute of  International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan finds this claims to be unfounded as the date of elections was announced in the same manner and made publicly available for all contenders, also the election law and all relevant prescription are applying equally to all participants in the 3 of April Presidential race.

A special date, set specially to accommodate some opposition party and candidates will be unfair and must be rejected as unfounded claim.  

 

 

• The Commission of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan was especially satisfied with the introduction of the mandatory Kazakh-language test for presidential candidate.

 

Such a transparent method to select on educational and necessary language knowledge the candidates was considered as relevant and pertinent and the Commission of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan will support the introduction of such mandatory examination in electoral legislation of OSCE and European Union members’ state.

 

• The Commission of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan salutes the amendments to Election Law, amendments that where enforced 2009 and February 2011.  These amendments reflected previous concern and recommendations previously offered by Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania and the legal framework is satisfactory insuring free, open and democratic elections with inclusive citizen, mass media and civil society participation.  

 

• The election in Kazakhstan are under the administration of the Central Election Commission (CEC), 16 Territorial Election Commissions (TEC), 207 District and Town Election Commissions (DEC) and some 9,725 Precinct Election Commissions (PEC).

 The CEC is active in making preparations for this election and training lower-level commissions.

 

The Commission of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan finds that the correct representation of political parties in election commissions is observed and the equal based representation of political parties, interested citizens and observers in these commissions is respected.

 

• The number of registered voters is around 9.1 million. Voters are able to check their records in the voter list, including by e-mail. 

                          

• The official campaign began on 3 March.

 

•  The Commission of  Institute of international Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan observes that the media operate in an open and fair environment and the necessary legal provisions to insure transparent information`s and  mass media freedom are respected

 

Especially we emphasized that, in order to insure fairness and openness in the mass media coverage for all participants in the electoral process, the Election Law provides candidates with direct media access through state funded and paid airtime and print space.

 

His Excellency President of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Nursultan Nazarbayev, on 4 February 2011 signed a decree for an early presidential election to take place on 3 April.

Following an invitation from the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan, Commission of Institute of  International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan   started his work. 

 

A.   BRIEF HISTORY 

 

The call for presidential election comes in the aftermath of a citizens’ initiative to hold a referendum which would have extended the term of incumbent President Nursultan Nazarbayev until 2020 an initiative that was supported by Kazakhstan Parliament.

Between 26 December 2010 and 14 January 2011, over five million signatures were reportedly collected in favor of the referendum.

On 7 January, the President of Kazakhstan has rejected parliament’s call to hold the referendum, but on 14 January the Parliament adopted the law on changes to the Constitution, providing the basis for holding a referendum to extend the first president’s term of office.

The President expressed his concern over the constitutionality of these proposed amendments and referred them to the Constitutional Council, which ruled

On 31 January that the law was unconstitutional as it was too vague on the terms of extension.

Following this ruling, the President Nursultan Nazarbayev proposed that new and early presidential election be held. On 3 February, parliament adopted the constitutional amendments to allow the president to call an early presidential poll and the next day, President Nursultan Nazarbayev set the final election date for 3 April 2011.

 

Conclusions:  The Commission of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan   conclude that the call for early elections comes from a genuine democratic desire to refer to the people the fundamental governmental decision. During this process president Nazarbayev prove to respect democratic mechanism and separation of powers in the state and we specially appreciate the submitting of contentious law to the Constitutional Court.

In conclusion the Commission of  Institute of  International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan  considers that the election where called on an democratic manner ,respecting the political and state laws and mechanism and are fulfilling the necessary democratic credentials . 

 

B.   ELECTION SYSTEM IN KAZAKHSTAN.

The legal elections framework includes such acts as:  the Constitution, the Constitutional Provisions on Elections (Election Law), and decisions and regulations of the CEC.

Other relevant elections laws and regulations are, among others Law on Political Parties, Criminal Code, Administrative Offences Code, Civil Procedure Code and

 Law on Peaceful Assemblies.

The Constitution guarantees fundamental civil and political rights necessary to conduct of democratic elections.

 

C.   ELECTION SUPERVISION

 

The election is administered by complex and inter-responsibility system of election commissions comprising the CEC, 16 TEC units, 2 207 DEC units, and 9,725 PEC units.

The local election commissions have a seven members composition and are appointed for a period of five years; TEC units, DEC units and PEC units are only active during election periods.

The CEC chair office and two members are appointed by the president, while the Senate and the Madjilis (the lower house of Parliament) appoint two CEC members each. TEC, DEC and PEC members are appointed by the respective mashlikhate (local councils), based on proposals of registered political parties.

 

The CEC mission  is to  supervise  the electoral preparations, it holds regular sessions open to the public and attended by media and observers, and provides weekly press briefings, and maintains an information internet channel.

The CEC has fulfilled his tasks such as carrying out extensive training of lower-level commissions and provided instructions and manuals for TEC, DEC and PEC members.

The CEC is also conducting a comprehensive voter education campaign.

 

D.   THE MASS MEDIA SITUATION

                                                                                   

The Kazakhstan Constitution is clearly prohibits censorship and guarantees freedom of speech and the right to freely receive and disseminate information by any means not prohibited by law.

We specially draw attention to Article 27.7 of Election Law that obliges media to provide “unbiased” coverage of the election campaign of candidates and political parties.

The Commission of  Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan is satisfied by the law provision that is insuring the fairness of mass media coverage to all participants and also with the CEC and the Ministry of Information and Communication information’s that state-owned and commercial media outlets are obliged to cover the candidates in the news for the same length of time and with the same tone.

 

E.   PROVISIONS FOR PROTECTIONS OF WOMEN AND NATIONAL MINORITIES

 

The Commission of Institute of  International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan is satisfied with the Constitution and Election Law that are providing the basis for equal participation of women and men in the electoral process.

                                                             

 

F.    CONCLUSIONS

 

Taking in the consideration these preliminary findings, the Commission of Institute of  International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan supports the decision to send an Electoral Observers Team in Kazakhstan on short time supervision for the election period.

 

The Commission of  Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan considers satisfactory the efforts of Kazakhstan Government for insuring an open and fair climate , with equal opportunities for all candidates and with mass media and international and domestic observers presence .

 

The  Commission of  Institute of  International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan  considers that preliminary measures are in accordance with international law and elections provisions and the democratic nature of Kazakhstan electoral process is self evident.   

 Kazakhstan Presidential Elections are free and fair organised concludes an International Monitoring Mission 

On 28 of March 2011 the Commission of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan presented the public preliminary report regarding the pre-election monitoring of Kazakhstan Presidential poll.

Professor Anton Caragea presented the main high-lights of the report: Kazakhstan electoral law, Kazakhstan electoral commission activities and mass media and domestic and international observer’s presence for the poll.

The preliminary assessment of the preparation for Presidential Election in Kazakhstan is that: ″Kazakhstan Government is insuring an open and fair climate, with equal opportunities for all candidates and with mass media and international and domestic observers’ presence and we consider that preliminary measures are in accordance with international law and elections provisions and the democratic nature of  election process in Kazakhstan  is self evident″.

A clear endorsement of the Kazakhstan pre-election preparation to hold free and open Presidential elections is the conclusion of the IRICE Commission for preparing the Monitoring Mission in Republic of Kazakhstan.

Based on this report Professor Anton Caragea accepted to lead a monitoring mission for Kazakhstan Presidential Election. This the eight such mission and the second in Kazakhstan all of the mission being a success and in six of this missions the final report of IRICE was accepted as an European document and evaluation report .

  In 2007 a delegation from Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation has supervised the elections for Madjilis ( the Lower House of Kazakhstan Parliament ) in august 2007 with a great success supporting the democratic process in Kazakhstan.   

″We are not accepting such a monitoring mission if we don’t have the confidence that the organizing state is committed in respecting fundamental values and democratic process″, declared Professor Anton Caragea, IRICE director.  Romanian support and commitment for Kazakhstan democratic process and development is a long term commitment and the Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation of Romania decision in strengthening relations between Romanian and Kazakhstan is unwavering stated professor Anton Caragea.

Romania has being a long side Kazakhstan in 2010 , when Kazakhstan held the Chair office of Organization for Security and Cooperation in Europe (OSCE) and we have organized the OSCE Bucharest Conference. Kazakhstan Presidency to send a public message to international community that Kazakhstan Presidency of OSCE will be a success and the message was acknowledge as such.

Today we are sending a new message , Kazakhstan is on a democratic path , is building free and open elections, is offering to the Kazakh people a clear chance to vote ,choose and express their views in a transparent manner. ″The pre-election commitments are clear and fulfilled by Kazakhstan government  and we will be on the spot to monitor and the final step of the election: Election Day and election results″ declared Professor Dr. Anton Caragea director of Institute of International Relations and Economic Cooperation.      

Four Presidential Candidates Start Campaigning for Early Election

On March 3, the four candidates officially launched their campaigns for the April 3 early presidential election, after they fulfilled legal requirements, including the collection of signatures of at least one percent of registered voters and passing the Kazakh language test.

 

According to Kazakhstan’s Central Election Commission (CEC), which ended the registration of presidential candidates at midnight on March 2, 2011, the four candidates whose names will appear on the ballot, will include the incumbent, President Nursultan Nazarbayev representing the Nur Otan Party, Zhambyl Akhmetbekov from the Communist People’s Party of Kazakhstan (CPPK), Mels Yeleussizov from the Tabigat (Nature) Environmental Union, and Gani Kassymov, put forward by Kazakhstan Patriots’ Party.

A total of 11 candidates sought registration, including seven self-nominees. The CEC denied registration to four self-nominees for not presenting all necessary documents, while the remaining three candidates decided to withdraw from the race.

As announced on March 3, the CEC has established a public council to review information disputes in the early presidential elections scheduled for April 3. The public council is created to peer review information disputes arising during the pre-election campaign and is an advisory body to the CEC. The member of the Central Election Comission, Lyazzat Suleiman, heads the council.

Nursultan Nazarbayev was the first candidate registered by the CEC after having presented a total of 717,000 signatures. The incumbent President was born on July 6, 1940, in the Almaty Oblast. From 1960 to 1969, he worked at the Karaganda Metallurgical Combine, where he completed a technical college in 1967. Till 1979, Nazarbayev held various positions within the Karaganda Oblast Communist Party Committee, while from 1979-1990, he served as Secretary of the Central Committee of the Communist Party of Kazakhstan (CCCPK), Chairman of the Kazakh SSR Council of Ministers, First Secretary of the CCCPK, and Chairman of the Supreme Soviet of the Kazakh SSR. In April 1990, Nazarbayev became Kazakhstan’s first President and remained so after winning all the following elections.

As it follows from Nazarbayev’s latest state-of-the-nation speech and his address at the 13th Nur Otan Congress, if elected, he aims to promote a new social policy that will lead to “high income, strong health, comfortable housing, and successful employment.” Nazarbayev promises to reduce the unemployment level to 5 percent in the following ten years and implement 294 investment projects by 2014 that will result in hundreds of thousands of new jobs. He also promises to improve the quality and accessibility of public health and education, as well as improve housing conditions. As for the economy, the incumbent will continue to promote its growth and seek to make Kazakhstan one of the most competitive countries in the world. Nazarbayev also foresees the continuation of political modernisation, while ensuring peace, tranquility, and security in the society. Last but not least, Nazarbayev asserts that Kazakhstan will continue to run a responsible and active foreign policy.

On March 3, Nazarbayev announced he will not be campaigning as such, deciding instead to focus on his day to day work.

Zhambyl Akhmetbekov was registered on February 26 following the handing over of 105,000 signatures. Akhmetbekov was born on February 11, 1961, in the former Tselinograd Oblast (present Akmola Oblast). In 1983, he graduated from the Agricultural Mechanization Faculty of the Tselinograd Agricultural Institute and worked as a farm mechanic. From 1987 to 1990, Akhmetbekov was an instructor of the ideological department of Kurgaldzhyn district’s Communist Party Committee and held different positions at the district administration up to 1998. In 1991 to 1994, he also studied at the Kazakhstan Institute of Management, Economics, and Strategic Research. In 1998-2005, Akhmetbekov worked at the Akmola regional military lyceum and district education department. Since September 2005, he has been the Chief of Staff of the Central Committee of the Communist People’s Party of Kazakhstan. In March 2007, Akhmetbekov was elected Secretary of the Central Committee of the Party.

Akhmetbekov’s pre-election platform was approved at the 5th congress of the Communist People’s Party of Kazakhstan (CPPK) on February 14. With regards to the economy, the Party promises to ensure the transparency of state-run companies and nationalise the energy, petroleum, and mining industries, as well as the rail and air transport. The Party also proposes to limit the export of raw materials such as cotton, wool, hides, timber, and introduce quotas for the export of ferrous and nonferrous metals. The election programme also covers the eradication of corruption. “We will find a path of development in which natural and raw resources will fully contribute to the growth of economic power and wealth,” the election platform states. The Party calls for renouncing the policy of “economy first, politics second,” by saying that the economic transformation entirely derives from the political process.

The CEC registered Mels Yeleussizov and Gani Kassymov, who collected 97,830 and 99,728 signatures respectively, on the same day, February 28. Mels Yeleussizov was born in Almaty in 1950. After school, he served in the Soviet Army from 1968 to 1970 and worked as a flight attendant in the Almaty united squadron. In 1981, Yeleussizov graduated from the Law Faculty of the present Al-Farabi University in Almaty. In the 1982-1989, he worked as Deputy Director of the Production Association Zerger and senior engineer at a military farm. In 1989-1991, he was engaged in social activities within the Nevada-Semipalatinsk movement and Public Committee for Saving Aral and Lake Balkhash. From 1991 to present, Yeleussizov chairs the Environmental Union Tabigat (Nature). He ran for presidency in 2005 and won 0.28 percent of the vote.

Yeleussizov’s programme highlights efforts to develop an environmentally safe country, but also reflects the issues of democracy, economy, and culture. At a press conference in Almaty, where Yeleussizov announced his candidacy, he said that the main purpose of his participation in the election is to draw citizens’ attention to the environmental issues in Kazakhstan.

Gani Kassymov was born on May 3, 1950, in the Guriev city, present Atyrau, west Kazakhstan, in a family of teachers. In 1974, he graduated from the Moscow State Institute of International Relations with a degree in international relations and began his career in the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Kazakh SSR. In 1981, he became Secretary General of the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and as of May 1990 served as adviser to the President of the Kazakh SSR. In 1992, Kassymov headed the International Department of the President’s Office. In 1994, he became Trade and Economic Representative of Kazakhstan in France. From 1996 to 2002, Kassymov was Chairman of Kazakhstan’s newly created State Customs Committee. In 1999, he ran for president and received about 4 percent of the vote. In 2007, Kassymov was appointed deputy of Senate of the Parliament by the President, as part of the presidential quota.

Kassymov’s election campaign is aimed primarily at improving the political and state structure. The pre-election platform is extensive and covers the political system and all that relates to government institutions, including the Parliament, political parties, and judicial and law enforcement bodies, Kassymov told the Khabar News Agency on March 3. He also considers it essential that the country has a Vice-President position. “I will propose suggestions and ideas with respect to what kind of government structure we should have. This will be related to political parties, social and political life in the country, and the Parliament,” Kassymov said.

OSCE/ODIHR opens observation mission to monitor early presidential election in Kazakhstan

ASTANA, 1 March 2011 - The OSCE Office for Democratic Institutions and Human Rights (ODIHR) today opened an election observation mission for the 3 April early presidential election in Kazakhstan.

The mission, headed by Ambassador Daan Everts, was established following an invitation from the Foreign Ministry of Kazakhstan. It comprises 15 experts, based in Astana and Almaty, and 28 long-term observers, who will be deployed throughout the country a month ahead of the elections.

In addition, ODIHR will request that OSCE participating States provide 400 short-term observers, who will arrive several days before election day. They will observe the opening of polling stations, voting, counting of ballots, and the tabulation of results.

The mission will assess the election for compliance with OSCE commitments and other international standards for democratic elections, as well as with domestic legislation. Observers will closely monitor campaign activities, the legislative framework and its implementation, the media situation, the work of the election administration and relevant state bodies, as well as the resolution of election disputes.

The ODIHR election observation mission will join efforts with the delegation of the OSCE Parliamentary Assembly.

A statement of preliminary findings and conclusions will be issued on the day after the election. A final report on the observation of the entire electoral process will be issued about eight weeks after the end of the observation mission.

The ODIHR election observation mission and the OSCE Center in Astana operate separately under their specific mandates.

 

 

    Media Accreditation for Presidential Election on April 3, 2011, Kazakhstan

    According to the established practice, Kazakhstan’s Foreign Ministry will recommend and then submit to the Central Election Commission (CEC) lists of foreign journalists coming to Astana to cover the vote.

    The Central Election Commission has opened accreditation for observers on February 7 with a deadline set for March 28, 2011.

    International reporters should take note that accreditation for foreign media representatives ends on March 20, 2011.

    There is a special procedure for reporters to be entitled to fully participate in covering the event. To observe the election process, representatives of international mass media must have a certificate of permanent or interim accreditation issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan. This leads to the necessity for foreign media to apply documents for MFA accreditation in advance, as the accreditation ends on March 20, 2011.

    While doing their job, an international observer or a foreign reporter may be accompanied by an interpreter who should also carry a valid identity document.

    One can learn more on how to get accredited by visiting Kazakhstan’s Foreign Ministry website at: https://portal.mfa.kz/portal/page/portal/mfa/en/content/press/rules or contacting the MFA Press Office at +7 7172 72 01 48, 72 01 47.

    For more information on elections and voting, one can visit the CEC web site at:

    http://election.kz/portal/page?_pageid=153,1&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTALClick to add text, images, and other content

    CEC Continues Accreditation of International Observers for Presidential Election

    In Kazakhstan, active phase of preparations for the April 3 early presidential elections has started.

    According to the established practice, Kazakhstan’s diplomatic missions will serve as polling stations to collect votes from the citizens of Kazakhstan living abroad on the day of elections. Kazakhstan’s Foreign Ministry also is to recommend and then submit to the Central Election Commission (CEC) lists of international observes willing to monitor the upcoming election, including foreign journalists coming to Astana to cover the vote.

    The Central Election Commission has opened accreditation for observers on February 7 with a deadline set for March 28, 2011.

    International reporters should take note that accreditation for foreign media representatives ends on on March 20, 2011.

    There is a special procedure for foreign representatives to become an observer, as well as for reporters to be entitled to fully participate in covering the event:

    - The Central Election Commission will not accept accreditation applications from private persons from foreign states.

    - Persons are not eligible for accreditation due to having political, economic or other interests in the Republic of Kazakhstan, or in case of earlier revocation of accreditation due to violation of the law of the Republic of Kazakhstan, laws of foreign states or universally accepted principles and norms of international law.

    - People with no practice or experience in observation of the election process, or those who had been found guilty of criminal offence, corruption practice or other illegal activities during the election period five years prior to submission of application for accreditation are also not eligible to participate as observers.

    - Observers from foreign states and international organizations may not use their status for conducting activities that are not related to the process of monitoring the election in the Republic of Kazakhstan.

    The Central Election Commission issues a foreign observer an identity card of an established format, which entitles him or her to perform their activities during the preparation and the day of the election. This identity card is valid only if accompanied by the official identification document of a person.

    While doing their job, an international observer or a foreign reporter may be accompanied by an interpreter who should also carry a valid identity document.

    For more information, one can visit the CEC web site at:

    http://election.kz/portal/page?_pageid=153,1&_dad=portal&_schema=PORTAL

    To observe the election process, representatives of international mass media must have a certificate of permanent or interim accreditation issued by the Ministry of Foreign Affairs of the Republic of Kazakhstan. This leads to the necessity for foreign media to apply documents for MFA accreditation in advance, as the accreditation ends on March 20, 2011.

    One can learn more on how to get accredited by visiting Kazakhstan’s Foreign Ministry website at:

     http://portal.mfa.kz/portal/page/portal/mfa/en/content/press/rules

    Nominating Candidates for Kazakh Presidential Election 2011 Ends

    The nomination period for the early presidential election in Kazakhstan ended on Sunday evening, February 20. Kazakhstan's Central Election Commission (CEC) reports that a total of 22 candidates were nominated for the presidential poll that will take place on 3 April 2011.

    Three of the candidates were appointed by political parties. These include incumbent President Nursultan Nazarbayev representing the Nur Otan party, Zhambyl Akhmetbekov from the Communist People's Party of Kazakhstan, and Gani Kassymov from the Party of Patriots of Kazakhstan.

    The rest of the applicants are self-nominees, according to the CEC. Six of them, however, were denied registration due to their failure to pass the Kazakh language examination, while another two nominees withdrew from the race. Thus, there are now 10 self-promoted candidates.

    As virtually all observers predict an overwhelming victory for the incumbent President Nazarbayev, one of the self-nominees Mels Eleussizov, Chairman of Environmental Union Tabigat (Nature), believes that the fight for the second place in the early election will be between him and Gani Kassymov, leader of the Party of Patriots. “If Gani Kassymov had not announced his candidacy, I would have come second in the early election,” Interfax-Kazakhstan quotes Eleussizov as having announced at a regular meeting of the sociopolitical discussion club AytPark in Almaty. Eleussizov said that he is willing to participate in the election despite being convinced of his lack of chances to win because he has “a set of issues and many suggestions” that he wants to explain people during the campaign. Both Gani Kassymov and Mels Eleussizov have previous experience of participating in the presidential elections in 1999 and 2005.

    Compared to past elections, the current campaign demonstrates an increase in the number of presidential nominees, according to the CEC Chairman Kuandyk Turgankulov. This “indicates an increase in civic activism,” Turgankulov said during a national seminar on holding early presidential elections that was held in Astana on February 21.

    Representatives of regional, as well as Astana and Almaty election commissions, and political parties attended the event.

    As it was announced during the meeting, the Kazakh Government has allocated KZT 4 billion 706 million for the upcoming election. Compared with actual expenditures during the 2005 election, demand for cash has increased by KZT 1 billion 697 million. This is explained by inflation, as well as increase in the cost of the election commissions’ activities.

    The sum of funds allocated for the election campaigning has increased by KZT 435, 400 compared with 2005 (KZT 147 = US$ 1).

    The registration of the candidates will continue until March 2, according to the CEC. For now, Incumbent President Nursultan Nazarbayev is the only officially registered presidential candidate, as his campaign staff had already handed 717,000 signatures.

    To be registered, each presidential candidate must collect a minimum of 91,000 signatures, representing, in equal measure, at least nice of the country’s 14 regions, as well as the cities of Almaty and Astana. Candidates also have to deposit about KZT 800 thousand to the CEC account. The election campaigns will begin on March 3 and end on April 1, two days prior to the election, the CEC says.

    Kazakh President Unequivocally Rejects Referendum, Calls for Early Presidential Poll

    ASTANA, January 31, 2011 – President Nursultan Nazarbayev of Kazakhstan today finally rejected the idea of holding a referendum to extend his term of office to 2020 by a national referendum and said that, being faithful to democratic principles, he would submit a bill to the Parliament calling for an early presidential election, almost two years ahead of schedule.

    Calling the one month saga with the referendum a “complex political situation” and “a historical lesson in democracy”, the President explained his thinking the following way: “On the one hand, I cannot reject the nationwide initiative of the overwhelming majority of voters. On the other, as the President and as a guarantor of the Constitution, I cannot create a precedent which would set wrong guidelines for next generations of politicians.”

    “I hope the people would understand me correctly. I offer all of us to look at this situation not as a “rejection or acceptance”, but as a historical lesson in democracy which life itself has taught us,” President Nazarbayev said in an address televised live on TV channels across Kazakhstan. “As the first democratically elected President, proceeding exclusively from the highest interests of the country, I made the decision not to hold a referendum.”

    “Instead of a choice dividing us, “either referendum, or election,” I offer a formula that unites us all and that takes into account the will of the people and the faithfulness to democratic principles. I am introducing the proposal to hold early presidential poll, despite the fact that this reduces my term of office by almost two years,” the President declared.

    “A relevant bill will be submitted to the Parliament,” President Nazarbayev added.

    Earlier on January 31, Kazakhstan’s Constitutional Council (CC) ruled that replacing the presidential election, scheduled for 2012, with a referendum to extend the term of office of President Nazarbayev, would have contradicted the Constitution of Kazakhstan, according to a ruling announced by Chairman of the CC Igor Rogov.

    “The Constitutional Council has made a decision to declare the law “On Amendments to the Constitution,” adopted by Parliament on January 14, 2011, unconstitutional,” Rogov announced at a meeting of the CC. Rogov added that “the Law ‘On Amendments to the Constitution’, adopted by the Parliament on January 14 and declared unconstitutional, cannot be signed and put into effect.” The Council’s decision enters into force upon its adoption and cannot be appealed.   

    “The President, according to the Constitution, has a right to make objections to the decision of the CC within a month, thus, the last word on the fate of the referendum remains with the head of state,” Rogov earlier said, although it is obvious now that the President chose not to protract this issue any longer. Earlier, Rogov also said that “the vagueness of the exposition of the given constitutional rule in practice may lead to an imbalance of state and public institutions provided under the constitution, thus, the President’s doubts about the constitutionality of the law adopted by Parliament were well founded.”

    That meant that President Nazarbayev had the ultimate say in whether or not to go with the proposal of a referendum, and he now made his decision known.

    Earlier, on December 27, Kazakhstan’s Central Election Commission registered an initiative of Kazakhstan’s citizens proposing to hold a referendum on the extension of President Nazarbayev’s term of office until December 6, 2020, thus doing away with the 2012 election.

    In two weeks, more than five million signatures in support of the referendum, representing 55 percent of registered voters, were gathered.

    In addition, members of Parliament initiated amendments to the Constitution designed to create a possibility of extending presidential powers of President Nazarbayev until 2020 based on the referendum without holding election. Nazarbayev, however, rejected Parliament’s proposal by his decree. Deputies of the Parliament overcame the rejection of the President at a joint session on January 14. Nazarbayev did not sign the adopted amendments and forwarded them to the Constitutional Council on January 17.

    Delivering his annual state-of-nation address at a joint session of Parliament on January 28, Nazarbayev said that he intends to work as long as his health and strength allow provided there is unanimous support of the people.

    In his address on January 31, he said this support was “a source of strength” to go on serving the country, adding that a lot remains to be done. “We are confidently implementing the programme of accelerated industrial and innovative development and social modernization. I am confident, that together we will realize all our aspirations and plans, and make our Motherland successful and prosperous. Let us build our future together!”

    Presidential Election in Kazakhstan to Take Place on  April 3

    Extraordinary presidential election in Kazakhstan is to be held on April 3, 2011, the decree by the acting head of state, Nursultan Nazarbayev, signed on February 4 said. The announcement, made possible by a constitutional law passed by the Parliament this week, necessitates the Central Election Commission to ensure the organization of election. The government of Kazakhstan will be undertaking necessary measures to provide organizational, logistical and financial support for free and fair elections.

    The decree instructs the akimats (regional authorities) to provide accountability of lists of citizens of Kazakhstan eligible to vote. They are also expected to extend full cooperation to the Central Election Commission and its regional offices in solving organisational issues in holding the election.

    On January 31, President Nazarbayev rejected the proposal to hold a referendum to extend his term in office till 2020 by a national referendum, citing the Constitutional Council’s recommendation on that and to the need to strengthen democratic principles in the country. Recent amendments to the constitutional law “On elections in the Republic of Kazakhstan” require extraordinary presidential elections to be held within two months from the date of their announcement, in a fashion similar to the United Kingdom’s election system.

    The next presidential elections after this will take place in five years time on the first Sunday of December, as already established by the Constitutional Law. The powers of the President of the Republic, voted in by an extraordinary election, will be in effect until the entry into office of the next president. The procedures of upcoming elections will be the same as established by the existing Constitutional Law of September 28, 1995.

    During the previous presidential election in December 2005, Nazarbayev won with a majority of 91%. The closest runner up, Zharmakhan Tuyakbay, received 6.61% percent of the popular vote.

    An inaugural ceremony of the next elected president, whose date is to be determined by the Central Election Commission, will have to be held within a month of the publication of the certified results of the election.

    On February 4, the Central Election Commission announced the candidates can be put forward between February 5 and 20. Between February 20 and March 2, the CEC will review the documents submitted by candidates and decide on which ones fulfil all formal requirements to be included on the ballot. Between March 3 and April 1, the candidates will hold their official campaigns, and, according to the CEC ruling, each candidate can establish a campaing fund worth not more than 431,973,000 tenge (KZT 146.71 = US$1)

    Also, on February 4, two of Kazakhstan’s ten political parties, namely the Azat Nationwide Social Democratic Party and Rukhaniyat – The Greens announced their intention to field their challengers for the upcoming presidential election.

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